The Tramuntana coastline is closely linked with the historical figure of Archduke Ludwig Salvator, a member of the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Family who purchased several properties in the area, conserving the countryside and constructing miradors from which to enjoy the amazing panoramas.
The north coast still preserves the memory of past centuries when life was difficult due to pirate raids. The economy of the local villages was based upon fishing, livestock raising and some arable farming. Banyalbufar was famous for its wine and you can still see the spectacular system of stone terraces which were built upon which to grow the vines.
One of the most famous places in Mallorca is the town of Valldemossa. The town achieved literary recognition in the book A Winter in Mallorca written when Frederick Chopin and George Sand stayed in its Cartuja (monastery) between 1838 and 1839. The cell where they lived is visited by thousands of visitors in an atmosphere which has changed very little since then, in the midst of gardens, tranquillity and a beautiful view. Nowadays the cloisters of the Cartuja are used for musical festivals held in memory of Chopin.
Deia, a small fishing village, became the home of writers and artists particularly after Robert Graves, the British writer and poet and author of I, Claudius made its name known throughout the world.
The tourist train from Soller travels through lovely scenery which conserves the character of earlier times. The Soller valley, located in the foothills of the highest mountains on the Island is a world of its own within Mallorca. Famous for its oranges it was linked to France for many years to where it exported its agricultural products. Other villages in the valley are Fornalutx and Biniaraix whose stone buildings nestle in the green of olive and fruit trees, to the sounds of running water and beautiful mountain views. Scenery such as this cannot be found in any other location within Mallorca.
Further north, the Mallorcan coast becomes more barren and spectacular. The great mountains fall down to the sea in great precipices and torrents of water and there are few ports or harbours. This is the setting for the area of Sa Calobra whose greatest attraction is the nearby Torrent de Pareis. This consists of an enormous pass in the rocks with scenery appearing to be from a lost world. The Torrent de Pareis is a favourite place for excursions and also acts as the backcloth to choir concerts as its acoustics are extraordinary. In the upper part of the mountain range are the reservoirs of Cuber and Gorg Blau. This area is also the location of the spiritual heart of the Island, the Santuari de Lluc (Lluc Monastery).
Cap de Formentor is the extreme north of Mallorca. It hosts scenes of grandeur and desolation, high barren mountains and an endless horizon. Close by, Puerto Pollensa has changed from a small fishing village into a leading holiday centre.